Please submit your manuscript using the Template format (Download Template).

Structure of the Manuscript

  • Title page
  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Research method
  • Result and discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Managerial implication
  • Acknowledgments (if applicable)
  • References (American Psychological Association style)
  • Appendices (if applicable)

The title should be concise, descriptive, and contain keywords or key phrases. Search engines assume that the title contains all of the important words that describe the topic of the manuscript.

The abstract should not exceed 200 words. The abstract should contain all the keywords and key phrases at least once and more than once if necessary. Since most researchers read the abstract before reading the manuscript, the abstract must be well-written.

Select a maximum of five (5) keywords or key phrases that would give a search engine ample information when searching for your manuscript. Avoid the use of general and plural terms, abbreviations, and non-descript words such as andoforthe, and so on.

The introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem and enough background information. The objectives of the study should be clearly emphasized at the end of the introduction or in a separate section. 

 Literature review
The literature review should discuss the past theoretical and empirical studies which become the basis of the current studies. The authors are encouraged to review recent articles and from reputable journals. Where applicable, model and hypothesis development should be developed and presented.

 Research Method
The methods should provide sufficient details of the instrument used and the procedures followed to allow the work to be repeated by others. 

The results should be presented in a logical sequence.  The results should be discussed in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the introduction and objectives.  Comment on results and indicate explanations and possible sources of errors.

Compare your work to other work reported in the literature. In the discussion, a clear presentation of the application of the research findings for business practice must be emphasized.

The main conclusions of the researched work should be presented. Limitations and recommendations for future research should be discussed.

Managerial implication

The managerial implication should clearly state the implications of the findings at the managerial level. It should be between 350 and 400 words.

Where applicable, the source of financial support must be acknowledged. Technical assistance may also be acknowledged. 

 Tables & Figures
Tables, figures, etc. placed where they belong. Tables and figures should be located in the text and numbered sequentially using Arabic numerals, i.e., Table 1 and Figure 1. When necessary, the author can use color.

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

We suggest the author not use footnotes. Endnotes at the end of the manuscript are preferred.

References should be arranged alphabetically and follow American Psychological Association (APA 6th) style. References should not be inserted as footnotes. References in the text should include name and year. For example: “According to Bangs (2012)…”

 In print journal article citation:

Bangs, J. (2012). Transforming a business statistics course with just-in-time teaching. American Journal of Business Education, 5(1) 87-94.

 Online journal article citation:

Salazar, R.J., & Wang, J. (2013). The evolution of strategies: multinational subsidiaries operating in China. Journal of Applied Business Research, 29(5), 1261-1280. Retrieved from

 Book citation:

Calfee, R.C., & Valencia, R.R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


 Language Editing Services

The manuscript must be prepared in English. We recommend that every manuscript be thoroughly reviewed for grammatical and spelling errors prior to submission. This journal only accepts papers which are written professionally. In case a paper needs an edition before peer review, the authors are encouraged to use real-time services, such as those included in Microsoft Office software and offered by  These can highlight awkward/difficult language and offer editorial suggestions as the manuscript is being written.  Further, a number of the major publishing organisations offer professional academic editing services for this purpose.  However, the authors may need to make some payment for these editing services.


Submitting Manuscript

  • For the first-time user, click ‘Register’ to create an account. If you already have an account of IJABR, click ‘Login’.
  • Once logged in, select the ‘New Submission’ tab to make a new submission of the article.
  • In general, the article submission in IJABR comprises five steps which carried out consecutively, namely: (1) Start, (2) Upload Submissions, (3) Enter Metadata, (4) Confirmation, (5) Next Steps.
  • In the first step (Start), the author should give a check on each submission requirement to proceed to the next step.
  • In the second step (Upload Submissions), click the ‘Upload File’ tab to upload the article and specify the kind of its article component.
  • In the third step (Enter Metadata), the author should fill in the information about the article and the related contributors to the article.
  • In the fourth step (Confirmation), the author should click “Finish Submissions” once no further revision or additional information is required to carry out.
  • In the fifth step (Next Steps), the submission is completed and the authors can either ‘review this submission’ or ‘create new submission’. The authors will receive a notification email about the article submission.
  • For further technical support, please kindly send your inquiries through email at